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Surface waters

What are probable scenarios for nanoparticles in surface waters?

Due to the leaching of contaminated soils, an accidental spillage or deposition of particles transported by air, nanoparticles may potentially be releasedin surface waters. So the processes of ultrafiltration could turn out to be useful to guarantee the harmlessness of water. Solubility, stability or aggregation condition the migration of nanoparticles present in surface waters. Hence, when they are introduced in the water environment, nanoparticles are not evenly distributed in the environment. The likelihood of an organism to make contact with a nanoparticle isn’t the same in the whole system of exhibition.

Future and toxic impact of nanoparticles in aquatic environment [J.-Y. Bottero et al., Compte Rendus Geoscience 347 (2015) 35-42].

The future of a nanoparticle in an aquatic environment depends on: its solubility, its dispersion capacity, interactions between nanoparticles, natural or anthropic chemical reactions which affect them, biologic and abiotic processes.